An ankle sprain involves damage to the ankle ligaments, typically sustained during simple sudden traumatic incidents, such as rolling or twisting the ankle. The ligaments around the ankle are susceptible to injury and can produce pain, swelling, bruising and a sense of instability.
Prompt assessment and management is essential in the first 24 to 48 hours, namely following the RICER regime and precautionary X-ray to rule out bony fracture, if indicated.
A thorough history and assessment of your ankle will determine the treatment and rehabilitation options best for you. These may include:
- Soft tissue treatment of the ligament scar tissue to promote optimal stability and range of motion.
- Active and passive mobility exercises to restore normal range of motion to the foot and ankle complex.
- Balancing exercises to re-strengthen the receptors housed in the ligament that provide stability and improve position sense (proprioception).
- Depending on the type and severity of your injury, you may need a supportive braces/strapping, although, these are not indicated in most cases
It is also important to consider the various predisposing factors that may have caused the injury in the first place. This may include:
- poor foot/ankle mechanics, i.e a stiff ankle joint will tend to make the ligaments work harder
- poor footwear
- joint restrictions and muscle tightness in the lumbo-pelvic region and/or lower limb
- a leg length discrepancy which may be overloading one particular ankle.
Our holistic approach is applied to your injury ranging from our diagnosis, treatment through to management.