In the body where bones, tendons or ligaments come into contact with each other there is a fluid filled sack which sits between them called a bursa. The bursa prevents these structures from rubbing on each other by reducing friction.
Bursitis is a condition where there is inflammation of this bursa. It is often related to overuse of a particular joint, or where there is excess tension on a specific area over a long period of time.
Bursitis can also be caused by trauma of a specific area, such as a fall or car accident, which can instantly cause inflammation of that area.
The most common areas within the body that can be affected by bursitis are:
- Shoulder joint – when there is bursitis in this area, it can often cause impingement of the surrounding muscles resulting in a painful shoulder with reduced range of motion.
- Hip joint – There are two common areas of bursitis in the hip: bursitis on the side of the hip called Trochanteric Bursitis as well as a common bursitis in the gluteal area called Gluteus Medius Bursitis.
- Knees – (Clergyman’s knee) is the inflammation of the Infrapatella Bursitis, which is located just below the kneecap.
- Bursitis is also common in the elbows, wrists and ankles.
The symptoms associated with bursitis can include:
- restricted range of motion of a joint
- warm or red skin overlying the affected area.
By exploring your history followed by performing a full examination, we will accurately establish the diagnosis for you condition, which may include bursitis.
We will then examine all related areas to establish are any muscles, ligaments, tendons or joints that are aggravating the bursa. By relieving the pressure of these structures on the bursa using hands-on manual techniques, the bursa is often able to start the healing process and the inflammation can reduce.
Due to the common cause of bursitis being repetitive strain of a joint or direct trauma to the joint, specific exercises and rehabilitation will be prescribed to facilitate healing and strengthening of the region.